European Centre for Ecological puts great emphasis on the conservation of nature and ecological diversity of Europe.
The term most commonly understand the nature conservation activities aimed at the preservation, renewal and sustainable use of products and resources of animate and inanimate nature, such as: occurring wild plants, animals and fungi, plants, animals and fungi protected species, animals lead a nomadic life, natural habitats, habitat of plants, animals and fungi endangered, rare and protected, creatures animate and inanimate nature and the fossil remains of plants and animals, landscape, green in the cities and villages and woodlots.
The main methods used to protect the wildlife which are:
* Protect conservation - it requires restrictions on the use of natural resources and components (wild plants, animals and fungi and their habitats, as well as elements of inanimate nature).
* Active protection - the way nature protection allowing the use, if necessary, protective treatments to restore natural ecosystems and elements of nature or maintenance of natural habitats and the habitats of plants, animals and fungi. There are many activities that can be categorized as the method of nature, they are such. Grazing or mowing carried out in order to protect the habitat of meadow, stopping succession by cutting seedlings of trees and shrubs, building valves, etc.
* Protection in situ (lat. On-site) - protection of species of plants, animals and fungi, as well as elements of inanimate nature, in their natural habitats. This form of protection are primarily national parks and nature reserves.
* Protection ex situ (lat. Off-site) - the protection of species of plants, animals and fungi away from their natural habitat and the protection of rocks, fossils and minerals at storage. This method requires a special permit and can be taken only scientific institutions, botanical gardens, centers for re-introduction and national parks.
Conservation can be divided also considering its form, within the meaning of the Act of 16 April 2004 on the protection of nature: area protection, which include - national parks, nature reserves, parks, protected landscape areas, Natura 2000; protection of the individual, which include: natural monuments, documentation, ecological sites and landscape - nature; species protection, protection of plants, animals and fungi.